Canada plans to welcome record numbers of new migrants from 2022 to 2024.
In spite of the pandemic, over 405,000 peoples get permanent residence status in Canada in 2021. In 2022, Canada recently released their target to welcome more than 432,000 migrants in 2023 and 2024. May this number seem overly specific, but this immigration target is based on the Immigration level plan of the Canadian Government from 2022 to 20244.
About Immigration Level Plan
The immigration level plan is used as a guide by IRCC to find out the total number of permanent residents in Canada. According to this Canada will decide how many immigrants will welcome in a given year. It also shows under which immigration category the permanent residents will be invited. Every year more than 200,000 people immigrate to Canada since 1980 and this grew to more than 300,000 annually before the pandemic. This target has increased to 400,000 each year from 2021, which is approx. 1.1% population of Canada.
Need for immigrants in Canada
Currently, Canada is facing historically low levels of unemployment. According to the statistics data of Canada Currently, the unemployment rate in Canada is 5.2% which is the lowest record set since the 1970s. This is because the population rate of Canada is aging and also the birth rate is too low in Canada. Another reason for low unemployment is nine million workers will reach their retirement age by 2030. The birth rate in Canada is about 1.5 children per woman which is the lowest birth rate all over the world.
With fewer citizens who were born in Canada, to work and contribute taxes Canada depends on migrants that support an aging population of Canada.
How does the Immigration plan work?
To meet the ever-evolving needs of the labor market and close the workforce gap, some data analyses by IRCC such as economic and labor force indicators, integration capacity, demographics, global conditions, and capacity of processing.
The ultimate goal is to create a plan that will help in strengthening the economy of Canada, reunite families and provide humanitarian aid. Find out this balance is based on the immigration Levels plan made by IRCC.
Methods of the breakdown of the numbers
Over the next three years, 57% of the annual immigration target of Canada will compromise with the economic class of immigration. This will account for each year more than 240,000 new permanent residents arriving in Canada, with an estimated target of 267,750 skilled workers arriving by 2024.
Approximately 25% of new permanent residents will be selected through family class sponsorship, being sponsored by a relative in Canada who is already a permanent resident or citizen. Will reach over 100,000 every year.
The remaining 18% of new permanent residents will immigrate through refugees and humanitarian classes of immigration. Only 85,000 people were targeted through this plan in 2022 which is a gradual reduction in numbers in 2024.
The Immigration Level Plan is typically issued once a year, but 2022 has been an exception with two plans because of the delays which are caused by the most recent federal election. Going forward, the next immigration level plan for 2023 to 2025 will be released by 1 November this year.