The government of Canada recently announced that Express Entry invitations will start again in July for all candidates. This is good news for those who had put their plan of migration on hold due to the pandemic.
Although, Express Entry is one of the attractive ways to migrate to Canada with the numerous pathways, due to this it can be difficult to decide where to start. Understanding the immigration categories of Canada is a great step.
The Economic Class
Economic class is one of the most common immigration categories for those people who want to move to Canada. People who are qualified for any of the more than 100 routes are considered to be eligible for most of the economy of Canada and have an easier time integrating into the job market of Canada.
Express Entry is a main competitive migration system that manages the applications of federal economic classes online. It is known as the main pathway of immigration to Canada for economics class. There are three programs that are managed through express entry:
- The Federal Skilled Workers Program (FSWP): This immigration category is designed for skilled trade people who meet the specific requirement of education, language, and work experience. The category of work experiences is the National Occupational Classification system. This system is used to find out whether a candidate is eligible for an economic class migration program. Each occupation has a code that is assigned to a skill level.
- The Federal Skilled Trade Program (FSTP): This program is designed for trade workers who have at least two years of work experience in a skilled trade occupation to migrate to Canada. It also required language skills in any one language either French or English.
- The Canadian Experience Class (CEC): This program is designed for those applicants who have already worked in Canada for at least one year and are eligible to apply under this program. Applicants should also meet the eligibility criteria for language skills.
Eligible Candidates can update their profile on the website of IRCC through each pathway and they get a CRS score which is based on their language skills, education, and work experience. Candidates should be scored higher to receive an ITA to apply for PR in Canada.
PNP (Provincial Nominee Program)
People who are new and looking for permanent residency in Canada can apply to the Provincial Nominee Program. Every territory and province of Canada has its own PNP through which it can nominate immigration applicants for permanent residence.
There are two kinds of PNP. These PNPs enhanced the invitation of Express Entry candidates. Candidates who applied successfully for a provincial nomination are eligible to get 600 points which are added to their CRS score.
Those provinces that participate in PNP have base streams through which they operate an outside system of Express Entry. Candidates can apply directly to the government of the province through these migration programs, although the process of application may take a longer time.
The province of Quebec does things in a different way. There is a special agreement between the federal government and Quebec which allows the province to choose migrants from all over the world. It is the only province in Canada that use French as its official language to speak and several of its immigration programs required French language skills.
The immigration program of Quebec is unique from other provinces. This migration program of Quebec is the same as the Federal Skilled Worker Program. Applicants can also benefit from the pilot program. This program encourages migration for those people who have experience in the food industry, artificial intelligence, and tech sector.
Family Class Sponsorship
After economic Class immigration, the second most attractive pathway of immigration is Family Class sponsorship. Every year Canada welcomes more than 100,000 immigrants through family sponsorship. Two kinds of pathways make it possible one of them is Spouse, Partners, and Children’s Programs and the second one is the Parents and Grandparents Program.
Sponsorship of Spouses and common-law
People with Canadian citizenship or permanent residents can sponsor their spouse, dependent children, and any common-law. To sponsor, they have to prove that they can support their partner, dependent children, and laws financially. Also, applicants have to show evidence of their relationships such as a certificate of marriage, or any shared expenses. Canada also welcomes those candidates who are in a same-sex relationship.
Parents and grandparents
Those people who have citizenship of Canada or permanent resident status in Canada and want to sponsor their parents and grandparents can use this program for sponsorship. People who want to sponsor their parents and grandparents must have fulfilled the requirement of minimum income and also be prepared to support their relatives.
Humanitarian and Refugees
For refugees who are trying to escape persecution, war, and disaster in their own country Canada has viewed as heaven for those refugees and asylum.
There are three main categories to enter Canada as a refugee:
Government-aided refugees are sent to the IRCC through the United Nations High Commission for Refugees. With the help of these referrals’ refugees are able to come to Canada where they will be supported for a year by the government of Canada.
Sponsored refugees are brought to Canada privately through the sponsorship groups of non-governmental. Sponsors are often through NGOs or groups of more than five people who work together within their community to resettle the refugees for any reason.
Mixed-visa office referred refugees are those refugees who are a mixture of the first two categories. Upon arrival in Canada, they are supported by the Government of Canada for six months and by private sponsors for another six months.
People who are looking for asylum can submit a claim for the status of refugees after arriving in Canada. After approval of their claim, they will receive permanent status by the Refugee protection division of the immigration and refugees of Canada.
Claimants of Compassionate and Humanitarian
In the case of the applicants would not be able to apply for permanent residence normally then Humanitarian and compassionate claims are used.
After applying, IRCC will evaluate how settled the applicant is and also check the ties of families. This pathway is used for exceptional cases in Canada and less frequently.
If you are planning to immigrate to Canada and it’s difficult to decide how to immigrate to Canada then understanding the category of immigration is a great idea to decide.
Whether you are a skilled worker or seeking to sponsor your family understanding the basics will help you to save time and money on immigration to Canada.