IRCC has announced a comprehensive review of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA) as outlined in the recently unveiled Strategy: An Immigration System for Canada’s Future. This strategic initiative aims to enhance Canada’s immigration system through systematic changes over the upcoming years. The review, a pivotal component of the strategy, signifies Canada’s commitment to refining processing procedures and adopting a more holistic approach to immigration. Stay informed about the evolving landscape of Canadian immigration law as the government of Canada plans a thorough review of immigration law.
The plan outlines the IRCC’s upcoming changes to improve processing and take a more comprehensive approach to immigration. In order to methodically achieve these changes over the next few years, the department intends to execute projects under three pillars.
- Enhance the newcomer experience to foster a more welcoming environment.
- Harmonize immigration with the requirements of the labor market.
- Formulate a thorough and well-coordinated growth plan for comprehensive development.
Canada’s immigration law, the IRPA provides the guidelines for the IRCC’s activities. The goal of improving the welcome experience for immigrants to Canada encompasses potential IRPA changes. A contemporary, effective, equitable, transparent, predictable, and speedy immigration system is what the IRCC strives for. Since the department last thoroughly reviewed and assessed IRPA 21 years ago, it believes it is necessary to actively determine whether any legislative reforms or revisions are warranted. The law was passed in 2002. Since IRPA serves as the legal foundation for most of the IRCC’s initiatives, guidelines, and practices, this assessment is essential.
The most recent significant revision to IRPA
The current version of IRPA did not come into being until June 2002. Before then, the Immigration Act, which was first passed in 1976 and has undergone numerous amendments, governed Canada’s immigration laws.
The goal of IRPA is to provide precise, modern legislation that will enable Canada’s immigration and refugee protection system to continue developing in response to new possibilities and difficulties. Moreover, IRPA sought to give more precise definitions for important groups of non-citizens, such as the economic class, family class, convention refugees, and others in similar situations.
Canada plans thorough review of immigration law – How it can help.
Law under IRPA actively covers nearly every duty and operational facet of the immigration minister’s job. The Strategy highlights how important it is to have an IRPA review in order to remove obstacles to accepting people who are essential to Canada’s future.
A recent example of how IRPA’s rules facilitate the establishment of new immigration pathways is the category-based Express Entry system. A thorough examination and upgrade might open the door to the creation of additional specialized routes that would serve immigrants with highly sought-after abilities.
Furthermore, the federal and provincial governments of Canada work together to manage immigration-related tasks, as outlined in IRPA. under agreements, the federal government assigns a set nomination quota to each province, allowing governments to nominate economic immigrants under the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP).
The Minister is required by law to confer with the provinces in order to ascertain the quantity and distribution of foreign nationals in each class who become permanent residents on a yearly basis. Through discussions with pertinent partners, this decision-making process takes regional economic and demographic demands into account.
An upgrade to IRPA might require more stakeholder engagements, such as with settlement services, which would improve knowledge of Canada’s ability to integrate immigrants. This is consistent with the goal of the Strategy, which is to implement a comprehensive immigration policy from the government.
Shaping Canada’s immigration future and admissions targets
The federal Immigration Levels Plan, which sets Canada’s admission targets for permanent residents over the following three years, is heavily influenced by consultations. Moreover, the legislation requires that, in years without elections, authorities must announce this plan by November 1st annually. Canada plans to admit 485,000 new permanent residents in 2024 and 500,000 a year in 2025 and 2026, according to the recently released 2024–2026 Plan. According to Immigration Minister Marc Miller, this strategy will promote stability and economic progress.
In addition, IRPA contains rules about application submission, such as requirements for technology, format, and procedures. Reviewing and updating these regulations would better equip the department to handle the anticipated increase in demand for immigration services in the future.
An overview of category-based selection Express Entry
The legislation has undergone revisions to accommodate the current spike in demand for immigration to Canada, while not having undergone a thorough examination. In 2022, a notable revision to IRPA empowered the immigration minister to actively invite Express Entry candidates meeting the criteria of six newly established categories based on their human capital.
- French language proficiency
- Agriculture and agri-food
- STEM professions
Furthermore, in line with the objective of IRPA, which is to optimize the economic benefits of immigration, these categories allow Canada to choose newcomers who possess in-demand skills in industries with high demand. Through its emphasis on high-demand sectors including trades, healthcare, STEM fields, agriculture, and so on, IRCC is essential to maintaining and bolstering the country’s economy.
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